Highlands Biological Station buildings remain closed to visitors with the exception of limited visitor hours for the Nature Center.  HBS Botanical Garden trails remain open, and in accordance with University policy masks and physical distancing are required on the HBS campus.  Highlands Biological Station currently plans to offer academic and public programming in summer 2021, observing University mandated Covid-19 safety protocols.  For the safety of the HBS summer community, before being permitted to work or study at HBS prospective summer students, teaching faculty, and researchers must provide documentation of (1) having received a Covid-19 vaccine or (2) a negative Covid-19 test taken within 3 days of planned arrival.  Please see the HBS website for full summer 2021 Covid-19 safety policies and procedures, and bear in mind that University policy and HBS program plans are subject to change in light of developments with the pandemic this spring. 

Lobelia siphilitica

Great Blue Lobelia


Bluebell Family

Great Blue Lobelia is indeed great and blue — a robust perennial reaching as tall as 4 feet, with a conspicuous raceme or “spike” of blue flowers.  Note that the flowers are lipped, and the underside of the corolla tube is white-striped.  Great blue lobelia is a gynodioecious plant, in which female-only and hermaphrodite individuals coexist in natural populations.  The frequency of female plants ranges from 0 to nearly 70% among populations.  In hermaphrodites, note that the anthers are fused into a small green melon-shaped sac suspended between the upper two flower lobes.  Inspect this with a hand lens: the pollen within the sac is extruded at the tip where a white frill of minute hairs can be seen. Like the closely related Cardinal Flower (p. 18), Great blue lobelia thrives in rich moist soils in mixed sun and shade. They make for a striking display planted together in the garden. 


The specific epithet siphilitica was given by Linnaeus in 1753, from specimens collected in Virginia.  As the name suggests, syphilis was among the maladies that Native Americans treated with this plant.  This particular medicinal use must have figured prominently in the lore of the time for Linnaeus to have so named it.  Brought by Europeans to the New World, this fatal disease was indeed spreading like wildfire by the 18th century.